Turks Heads


Turks Heads

The Turks Head is a metal forming machine. It may be compared to an adjustable draw die but is actually infinitely adjustable within its limiting dimensions.

The Turks Head operates on the rolling mill principle and imparts the same qualities to the metal as the Rolling Mill does, namely, superior surface finish, accurate size and shape, and improved grain structure of the metal. They differ from a Rolling Mill in the number and arrangement of rolls. The metal forming machine utilizes two pair of rolls, one pair is arranged vertically and the other pair horizontally. In all types of Turks Heads the rolls are infinitely adjustable.

Each basic type of FENN Turks Head is designed to meet a particular requirement of precision wire or rod shaping. With the exception of power-driven models, all types require a pull-through power source such as a Drawbench, a Bull Block, a double capstan, a shedding drum or a Rolling Mill.

To obtain high production speeds and hold tolerances within acceptable limits, certain basic operating rules must be followed. Proper application of the machine equipment cannot be overemphasized. It must be understood the Turks Head is not intended to be substitute for a Rolling Mill, but can be combined for certain applications. However, certain fundamental rules are applicable to both machines where size control, surface finish, accessories or combination use is concerned.

To those unfamiliar with the operation, the question naturally arises – Why use a Turks Head in place of other drawing methods?

The following are important advantages that the Turks Head offers:

  • Permits forming directly from round to square, rectangles and special shapes
  • Takes bigger reductions per pass
  • Greater flexibility because rolls are infinitely adjustable lower maintenance costs – rolls can be reground
  • Maintains uniform tolerances
  • The Turks Head rolling principle produces less inherent friction

In both the ferrous and nonferrous metal forming industries, Turks Heads are used as single units and in tandem on common stands for wire and rod shaping. They also used in tandem with Rolling Mills, Bull Blocks and Drawbenches.

Built with extreme accuracy by highly skilled craftsman, FENN Turks Heads form sections to close tolerances, when properly used. The unique design and construction of interlocking slides permit infinite adjustment. Within the physical size of each Turks Head, FENN has engineered the highest possible bearing capacity using precision heavy-duty bearings.

Although surface irregularities cause no particular difficulty, a higher quality entry stock will result in a better finished product. Bad surface defects cannot be eliminated completely, and failure to remove oxides and scale will cause the rolls to wear more rapidly. It is further recommended that lime coatings be removed from wire prior to forming, since it tends to build up on the rolls causing roll separation and consequent tolerance changes as well as bearing overload.

FENN Manufactures a range of precision standard pull-through and power-driven Turks Heads with high bearing capacities at high speeds. Our design and manufacturing techniques ensure that our metal forming machines are able to hold close uniform tolerances on shaped wire.

Many years of experience in the design and manufacture of equipment to produce shaped wire gives FENN a big advantage when our customers have unique applications which require custom designed Turks Heads.







High Quality Machines & Excellent Service

We use FENN as the supplier of Wire Flattening & Shaping Line for our wedge wire (Screen Wire) production because of their experience in producing similar equipment and their top notch reputation in the industry. FENN’s engineers and metallurgy experts worked closely with our team in all aspects of the project – from examining and understanding our material specifications to machine design, trial run at their works prior to shipment, and finally Start Up, Commissioning & Training of our operators at our factory in India. We are very pleased that FENN ensured that all of our requirements were met, and that the machine functioned with precision, quality and reliability. I would highly recommend FENN for any company looking for a high quality machine supported by excellent customer service and metal forming process expertise.

Prakash Shah
Bilfinger Water Technologies (India) PVT. LTD.

Trusted Fenn for Decades

Ulbrich has trusted Fenn wire flattening and shaping lines for several decades to produce the highest quality shaped and flatwire available. Fenn's experienced staff has provided the process knowledge required to select, design and build machines to suit specific applications. Fenn machinery has always proven very reliable, consistently satisfying our critical tolerances and specifications. At Ulbrich, we pride ourselves on offerings superior products for over 90 years, and trust Fenn machinery to get the job done.

Chris Ulbrich
Ulbrich Stainless Steels & Specialty Metals

Top-Notch Machines

In 2009 we decided to purchase our first ‘Z’ CNC Coiler. The efficiencies gained by reduced setup time, increased throughput, and significantly reduced scrap rate while holding extremely tight tolerances was immediately realized through a complete statistical analysis. The machine paid for itself within months. Success with our first Torin ‘Z’ CNC led Springfield Spring to purchase another ‘Z’ CNC coiler, followed by three more of the latest model, the Torin FZ Series. Our five newest Torin spring coilers replaced all of our mechanicals, freeing up substantial space for new business endeavors. Fenn not only produces a top-notch machine but their sales, service, applications, and technical professionals are second to none. Fenn acts and responds like a business partner, not your traditional machine ‘dealer’.

Ryan Nadeau
Springfield Spring Corporation