Project Description

Turks Heads

Direct formation of round material to squares, rectangles & special shapes.

Looking for a custom metal forming machinery?

Download Our Turks Head Brochure

Equipment Designed by FENN – Built for you.

FENN has been a leader in quality metal forming machinery for over 120 years. Our experts take the time to design and build the right turks head machine to fit your wire forming & shaping specifications and fulfill your unique production requirements. With experience building standard metal forming equipment, as well as customized metal forming machinery solutions – FENN’s product and service offerings can help increase precision & productivity for your business.

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Turks Heads
Types & Offerings

Precise, Accurately Shaped Wire. Every Time.

Turks heads are used for the direct formation of round material to squares, rectangles and special shapes. A turks head machine operates on the rolling mill principle and imparts the same qualities to metal as a rolling mill does: superior surface finish, accurate size and shape, and improved grain structure of the metal. However, turks heads differ from rolling mills in the number and arrangement of rolls. A turks head utilizes two pairs of rolls, one pair is arranged horizontally, while the other is arranged vertically. The material is formed and shaped through the turks head by either a pulling device such as a capstan, or by driven rolls in power-driven models.

Each type of FENN turks head is designed to meet a particular requirement of precision wire or rod shaping. With the exception of power-driven models, all types require a pull-through power source such as a drawbench, bull block, double capstan, a shedding drum or a rolling mill. In both ferrous and nonferrous metal forming industries, turks heads are used as single units and in tandem on common stands for wire and rod shaping.

Turks Heads Benefits

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Produce Your Profile

To those unfamiliar with this type of equipment, the question naturally arises – “Why use a turks head in place of other drawing methods?” The Turks Head is a metal forming machine that may be compared to an adjustable draw die, but is infinitely adjustable within its limiting dimensions.

  • Turks heads permit forming directly from round to square, rectangles and special shapes
  • A turks head can take a bigger reduction per pass, when compared to other forming methods
  • Because the rolls are infinitely adjustable there is great flexibility in production capabilities
  • Lower maintenance costs since rolls can be reground for continued use
  • Turks heads maintain uniform tolerances
  • The turks head rolling principle produces less inherent friction​​

Size Control

The unique design and construction or interlocking slides permit infinite adjustment of the turks head rolls. Within the physical size of each turks head, FENN has engineered the highest possible bearing capacity using precision heavy-duty bearings. Built with extreme accuracy by FENN’s highly skilled craftsman, FENN turks heads (when properly used) form sections to close tolerances.​

Surface Finish

Metal Forming Machine Wraps

Although surface irregularities cause no particular difficulty, a higher quality entry stock will result in a better finished product. It is important to remove oxides and scale as this build up will cause the rolls to wear more rapidly. It is further recommended that lime coatings be removed from wire prior to forming, since it tends to build up on rolls and causes separation and consequently tolerance changes as well as bearing overload.

Typical Materials

A variety of metallurgical types can be used with a FENN turks head. Contact us today to learn more about your specific application. A few examples of material types can include:

  • Steel
  • Copper
  • Platinum
  • Superconducting
  • Exotic Metals
  • Precious Metals

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We Design Solutions For Your Process

FENN manufactures a range of precision pull-through and power-driven turks heads with high bearing capacities at high speeds. Our design and manufacturing engineers ensure that our metal forming machines hold close uniform tolerances on shaped wire. FENN can design and build customized turks head equipment to act as standalone machinery or be integrated into an existing or new process.

Turks Head Mill Machine
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Turks Head Models & Types

Standard & Custom Models to Meet Your Needs

Models are recommended based on the desired wire shape.

UNIVERSAL MODELS

Universal Models Turks Head Diagram

Includes 2 axes of adjustment: moves up & down, and in & out. Any square or rectangle within the capacity of the turks head can be set up by merely adjusting the position of the rolls; easiest for set up of standard width and thickness.

PLAIN-TYPE MODELS

Turks Head Plain Type Model Diagram

Includes 4 axes of adjustment so each roll moves independently. Because rolls are set up directly in line with each other, plain models are best for producing special shapes.

COMBINATION MODELS

Universal Models Turks Head Diagram

Includes 6 axes of adjustments. Can be used as either a U-type or P-type turks head. Provides the most flexibility in setting up the rolls.

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Ancillary Options

Manual Fine Adjustment Gearbox:

Connected to the adjusting screws, it enables high accuracy and precision adjustments

Motorized Adjustment:

Servo motor and gearbox are connected to an adjusting screw. Encoders built into the motors relay the position for precise control of width and thickness.

External Coolant System:

Can be incorporated for temperature control in complete lines

Asymmetric Rolling:

Available on Power-Driven and Turks Head Mills, allows operator to drive top and bottom rolls at different speeds to prevent bowing of material.

Guiding Systems:

Ensures accuracy and alignment with rolls of input material.

To obtain high production speeds and hold tolerances within acceptable limits, certain basic operation rules must be followed. Proper application of the machine equipment is very important, the turks head is not intended to be a substitute for a rolling mill – but can be combined to accomplish certain applications. Particular fundamental rules are applicable to both machines were size control, surface finish, accessories or combination use is applied.

 

Turks Head with Adjustable Inlet
Turks Heads Equipment
FENN 2U HP Turks Head
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Applications

We have experience with a variety of applications

Medical

Medical

Various medical devices
Eye glass frames

Aerospace

Aerospace

Can be used to create titanium sections for use in aircraft frames

Dental

Dental

Shaped wire for orthodontic devices

Superconducting

Superconducting

Research and development

Wellscreen

Wellscreen

Wedge-shaped wire for oil and water well screens

Military

Military

Metallurgical & alloy research

 

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Spares from the OEM!

FENN understands that uptime is key to your business’ productivity and profitability. We offer a full range of spare parts available for both FENN and Torin metal forming machines. With an extensive inventory, FENN can offer a wide array of parts shipped quickly to your door. Our knowledgeable staff will help to ensure you receive the necessary parts to keep your equipment running effectively with minimal downtime. Using FENN spare parts is an essential aspect to maximizing your machine’s efficiency. Don’t know exactly what you need? Our experienced staff will take the time to work with you to understand your unique requirements.

Upgrade Program for Your Aging Machinery

Because FENN machinery upholds a legacy of being quality, reliable and long-lasting, FENN has developed an upgrade program for upgrading, rebuilding or retrofitting your existing FENN equipment. Customers can maximize their machine productivity for aging equipment and extend the machine’s useable life.

We’re Here For You – Training, Support & Service

As a century old company, we are proud of the equipment we design and build, always ensuring it meets your production requirements. We offer comprehensive training programs that can be tailored to meet your business’ needs. Whether you have purchased a new metal forming machine, upgraded existing equipment or your experienced staff is retiring, FENN is available to answer questions and offer training to keep your business productive. Let us know how we can help!

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